The main objective of the Knights Templar in the Larzac was to contribute to the war effort of their brother knights who had gone to the Orient and to maintain the large fortresses they had built over there to protect the tomb of Christ.
Up on the vast Causse du Larzac, the Knights Templar toiled as builders, producers of agricultural goods, prudent managers and unifiers and protectors of the scattered population there. They turned the Larzac into a prosperous area, working the best land, growing corn, barley, wheat and oats and breeding sheep and horses, all to create wealth destined for the kingdom of Jerusalem.
During their occupation which lasted for nearly 200 years, the Knights Templar, and later the Knights Hospitaller who took over from them, shaped the Larzac and created the landscapes we see today. The Larzac has remained as it was, with vast grasslands where sheep graze and fortified villages such as Sainte Eulalie de Cernon, La Cavalerie and La Couvertoirade. This is why, when you come to this place for the first time you'll find it has a timeless feel, a kind of intensity bordering on the spiritual.
A vast plateau of 1,000 km2, the Larzac is bordered by the spectacular cliffs of the Dourbie Gorge, not far from the Tarn Gorge. Easily accessible via the A75 autoroute and Millau Viaduct, it is in the heart of the Grands Causses Regional Nature Park. Because of its exceptional character, the Larzac is part of the Causses et Cévennes, which in 2011 joined the prestigious circle of UNESCO World Heritage sites.